Clinical Research

Clinical Research


In 1989, a research project was conducted at the University of Technology in Helsinki that laid the foundation for the development of HUR (Helsinki University Research).  Since then, ongoing collaborations with top universities, researchers and practitioners from all over the world have come together to create the number one partner for strength training solutions engineered for the active aging, senior living and rehabilitation communities. 

HUR is committed to ongoing collaboration with top researchers, practitioners and engineers because we believe scientific development is the catalyst for continuous innovation and the creation of safer, more effective exercise for people of all ages and abilities.


The research behind HUR's evidence-based training solutions

Impact of resistance training on sarcopenia in nursing care facilities: A pilot study
Bothaina H. Hassan, Jennifer Hewitt, Justin W.L. Keogh, Sandra Bermeo, Gustavo Duque, Tim R. Henwood

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Examining evidence based resistance plus balance training in community-dwelling older adults with complex health care needs: Trial protocol for the Muscling Up Against Disability project
Justin W.L. Keogh, Tim Henwood, Paul Gardiner, Anthony Tuckett, Brent Hodgkinson, Kevin Rouse

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Effects of strength and endurance training on muscle fiber characteristics in elderly women
S. Sipilä, M. Elorinne, M. Alen, H. Suominen and V. Kovanen

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Physical Activity and Nutrition INfluences In ageing (PANINI): consortium mission statement
Anna C. Whittaker, Massimo Delledonne, Taija Finni, Paolo Garagnani, Carolyn Greig, Victor Kallen, Katja Kokko, Janet Lord, Andrea B. Maier, Carel G. M. Meskers, Nadine Correia Santos, Sarianna Sipila, Janice L. Thompson, Natal van Riel

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Effects of Strength and Endurance Training on Thigh and Leg Muscle Mass and Composition in Elderly Women (1995)
S. Sipilä, H. Suominen

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Effects of strength and endurance training on isometric muscle strength and walking speed in elderly women (1996)
S. Sipilä , J. Multanen, M. Kallinen, P. Era, H. Suominen

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Quantitative ultrasonography of muscle: detection of adaptations to training in elderly women (1996)
S. Sipilä, H. Suominen

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Effects of strength and endurance training on muscle fibre characteristics in elderly women (1997)
S. Sipilä, M. Elorinne¹, M. Alen², H. Suominen and V. Kovanen

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Asymmetrical Lower-Limb Muscle Strength Effects of Strength Deficit in Older People (2008)
Erja Portegijs

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Comparing Exercise Prescribed with Exercise Completed: Effects of Gender and Exercise Mode (2010)
King, Neil A., Byrne, Nuala M., Hunt, Andrew P., & Hills, Andrew P

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Effect of Time-of-Day-Specific Strength Training on Muscular Hypertrophy in Men (2009)
S. Milan, T. Finni, S. Cheng, M. Lind Markus and K. Häkkinen

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The Efficacy of supervised 6-month Aerobic and Resistance Exercise Program in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (2013)
Kengi Higuchi, Akira Kubo, Daisuke Shimon, Hiroshi Tsuda, Yasunori Utsunomiya, Masahiro Abo

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The Effectiveness of HUR integration exercise machine on the Knee Rehabilitation after ACL reconstruction surgery(2015)
M.D Bui Hong Thuy, M.D PHD. Professor Nguyen Trong Luu

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Effects of Early Combined Eccentric-Concentric Versus Concentric Resistance Training Following Total Knee Arthroplasty
Min Ji Suh, Bo Ryun Kim, Sang Rim Kim, Eun Young Han, So Young Lee,

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The Effect of a Prehabilitation Exercise Program on Quadriceps Strength for Patients Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study
Carly McKay, Harry Prapavessis, Timothy Doherty

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Effects of progressive resistance training on physical disability among older community-dwelling people with history of hip fracture
Johanna Edgren, Taina Rantanen, Ari Heinonen, Erja Portegijs, Markku Alén, Ilkka Kiviranta, Mauri Kallinen and Sarianna Sipilä

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Sense of Coherence: Effect on Adherence and Response to Resistance Training in Older People With Hip Fracture History
Erja Portegijs, Sanna Read, Inka Pakkala, Mauri Kallinen, Ari Heinonen,Taina Rantanen, Markku Alen, Ilkka Kiviranta, Sanna Sihvonen, and Sarianna Sipilä

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The Effects of Muscle Strength and Power Training on Mobility among Older Hip Fracture Patients (2008)
M. Mård¹, J. Vaha¹, A. Heinonen¹, E. Portegijs¹ ², R. Sakari-Rantala¹, M. Kallinen³, M. Alen¹, I. Kiviranta³ and S. Sipilä¹ ²

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Effects of exercise on pain of musculoskeletal disorders: a systematic review
Elisângela Valevein Rodrigues, Anna Raquel Silveira Gomes, Aldre Izabel Pchevozniki Tanhoffer, Neiva Leite

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Progressive Resistance Training After Stroke (2008)
Ulla-Britt Flansbjer, PT, PhD, Michael Miller, PT, PhD, David Downham, PhD and Jan Lexell MD, PhD

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Effects of a 6-month Exercise Program on Patients with Multiple Sclerosis (2004) 
A. Romberg, PT; A. Virtanen, MSocSc; J. Ruutiainen, MD; S. Aunola, PhD; S.-L. Karppi, MSc; M. Vaara, MSc; J. Surakka, MSc; T. Pohjolainen, MD; and A. Seppänen, MD

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Assessment of muscle strength and motor fatigue with a knee dynamometer in subjects with multiple sclerosis: a new fatigue index (2004)
Jukka Surakka, Anders Romberg, Juhani Ruutiainen, Arja Virtanen, Sirkka Aunola and Kari Mäentaka

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Reliability of Knee extensor and Flexor Muscle Strength Measurements in persons with Late Effects of Polio (2010)
Ulla-Britt Flansbjer, PT, PhD and Jan Lexell MD, PhD

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Influence of Resistance Exercise Training to Strengthen Muscles across Multiple Joints of the Lower Limbs on Dynamic Balance Functions of Stroke Patients
Sung Min Son, Myung Kyu Park, Na Kyung Lee

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Long term benefits of progressive resistance training in chronic stroke: A 4-year follow-up
Ulla-Britt Flansbjer, Jan Lexell and Christina Brogårdh

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Improving cardiovascular fitness by strength or endurance training in women aged 76-78 years. A population-based...
Mauri Kallinen, Mauri Kallinen, Markku Alen

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Effects of Physical Activity and Exercise Training on Cardiovascular Risk in Coronary Artery Disease Patients With and Without Type 2 Diabetes
Jaana J. Karjalainen, Antti M. Kiviniemi, Arto J. Hautala, Olli-Pekka Piira,E. Samuli Lepojärvi, Juha S. Perkiömäki, M. Juhani Junttila, Heikki V. Huikuri and Mikko P. Tulppo

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Economic evaluation of exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation in patients with a recent acute coronary syndrome
A. J. Hautala, A. M. Kiviniemi, T. Mäkikallio, P. Koistinen, O.-P. Ryynänen, J. A. Martikainen, T. Seppänen, H. V. Huikuri, M. P. Tulppo

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The effect of Thixotropy conditioning and pneumatic machine exercise (Thixo-Ex) to the mobility of thorax, respiratory function, and exercise capacity of COPD patient
Kazunori Takahashi

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The Effects of 12 weeks Progressive Resistance Training on Glycemic Control with Type 2 Tablet-Treated NIDDM Patients (2010)
Ursula Pajula, Sini Valtanen

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Effects of progressive resistance training and aerobic exercise on type 2 diabetics in Indian population (2009)
Shweta Shenoy, Ekta Arora, Sandhu Jaspal

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Individualized, Home-based Interactive Training of Cerebral Palsy Children Delivered through the Internet (2011)
Peder E Bilde, Mette Kliim-Due, Betina Rasmussen, Line Z Petersen, Tue H Petersen, Jens B Nielsen

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Muscular strength, aerobic capacity, and adipocytokines in obese youth after resistance training: a pilot study
Sarah P Shultz, Rachana Dahiya, Gary M Leong, David S Rowlands, Andrew P Hills, Nuala M Byrne

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Progressive Resistance and Balance Training for Falls Prevention in Long-Term Residential Aged Care: A Cluster Randomized Trial of the Sunbeam Program
Jennifer Hewitt BAppSc, MHealthSc, Stephen Goodall PhD, Lindy Clemson PhD, Timothy Henwood PhD, Kathryn Refshauge PhD

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The Effects of Balance Exercise on an Unstable Platform and a Stable Platform on Static Balance
Nyeon Jun Kima, Kyung Tae Yoob, Ho Jung Anc, Hee Joon Shind, Ja Pung Kooa, Bo Kyoung Kime, Hong Rae Kimf, Jung Hyun Choib

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Age dependency of neuromuscular function and dynamic balance control
J. M. Piirainen, J. Avela, N. Sippola, & V. Linnam

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The Effect of Open and Closed Kinetic Chain Exercises on Dynamic Balance Ability of Normal Healthy Adults
Yoo Jung Kwon, Soo Jin Park, John Jefferson, Kyoung Kim

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Strength-balance supplemented with computerized cognitive training to improve dual task gait and divided attention in older adults: a multicenter randomized-controlled trial
van het Reve; E, de Bruin; ED, BMC Geriatrics 2014, 14:134 (15 December 2014)

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Comparison of Balance and Some Other Physical Characteristics between Elderly Fallers and Non-Fallers (2008)
Frank Borg, Gerd Laxåback, Magnus Björkgren

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Does progressive resistance and balance exercise reduce falls in residential aged care? Randomized controlled trial protocol for the SUNBEAM program (2014)
Jennifer Hewitt¹, Kathryn M Refshauge¹, Stephen Goodall², Timothy Henwood³, Lindy Clemson¹

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Multidomain lifestyle intervention benefits a large elderly population at risk for cognitive decline and dementia regardless of baseline characteristics: The FINGER trial
Anna Rosenberg, Tiia Ngandu, Minna Rusanen, Riitta Antikainene, Lars Bäckman, Satu Havulinna, Tuomo Hänninen, Tiina Laatikainen, Jenni Lehtisalo, Esko Levälahti,Jaana Lindström, Teemu Paajanen, Markku Peltonen, Hilkka Soininen,Anna Stigsdotter-Neely,  Timo Strandberg, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Alina Solomon,Miia Kivipelto

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Baseline Telomere Length and Effects of a Multidomain Lifestyle Intervention on Cognition: The FINGER Randomized Controlled Trial
Shireen Sindi, Tiia Ngandu, Iiris Hovatta, Ingemar Kåreholt, Riitta Antikainen, Tuomo Hänninen, Esko Levälahti, Tiina Laatikainen, Jaana Lindström, Teemu Paajanen, Markku Peltonen, Dharma Singh Khalsa, Benjamin Wolozin, Timo Strandberg, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Hilkka Soininen, Miia Kivipelto and Alina Solomon for the FINGER study group

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Exercise, fitness and cognition – A randomised controlled trial in older individuals: The DR’s EXTRA study
P. Komulainen , M. Kivipelto, T.A. Lakka, K. Savonen, M. Hassinen, V. Kiviniemi , T. Hänninen, R. Rauramaa

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A 2 year multidomain intervention of diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring versus control to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people (FINGER): a randomised controlled trial
Tiia Ngandu, Jenni Lehtisalo, Alina Solomon, Esko Levälahti, Satu Ahtiluoto, Riitta Antikainen, Lars Bäckman, Tuomo Hänninen, Antti Jula, Tiina Laatikainen, Jaana Lindström, Francesca Mangialasche, Teemu Paajanen, Satu Pajala, Markku Peltonen, Rainer Rauramaa, Anna Stigsdotter-Neely, Timo Strandberg, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Hilkka Soininen, Miia Kivipelto

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Lifestyle guidance prevents memory disorders (2015) Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER)
Miia Kivipelto

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